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  Polk's 100 Most Influential American Americans

Individuals:  8

Patricia Hunter - Winter Haven

Gail Wiggs  Lakeland

Jestina Richardson - Lakeland

Mike Taylor - Lakeland

Dr. N. E. Roberts (D) - Lakeland

Ann Birdsong - Winter Haven

Sandra O. Johns - Lakeland

James Driskell - Lakeland

County and Circuit Judges:  2

County Judge Timothy Coon (Ret) - Lakeland
      County Judge Dana Moore - Winter Haven

Attorneys:  3

Attorney Shirley Pellarchy - Lakeland

Bail Bonds:  1

Glenethel Collins - Bartow

Physicians:  5

Dr. Wendell Blake (Ret) - Lakeland

Dr. Evan Chambers (Ret) - Lakeland

Dr. Ayanna Rolette - Lakeland

Dr. Kris Michelle Guerrier - Lakeland

Dr. Dannie Earl - Lakeland

Dentists:  3

Dr. Edward Williams - Lakeland

Dr. Joe N. Pinkston - Lakeland 

Dr. William Nerestant - Lakeland

Pharmacists: 4

Dr. Edward "Chris" Quary - Lakeland

Dr. Donzell Floyd (Ret) - Winter Haven

Dr. Shalay Rhoden - Lakeland

Dr. Choretta Dickens (Ret) - Lakeland

Nurses:  2

Mildred Blake (Ret) - Lakeland

Tereather "Tee" White (Ret) -Lakeland

Preachers:  10
      Reverend William Boss - Lakeland
      Reverend Jimmy Downing - Lakeland

      Reverend Alex Harper - Lakeland   
      Reverend Walter Laidler - Lakeland
      Reverend Eddie Lake - Lakeland

Reverend N. S. Sanders - Lakeland

Reverend Jerry Smith - Lakeland

Elder H.B. Holmes, Jr. - Lakeland

Presiding Elder Jimmy Thompson - Lakeland

Reverend E. T. Pickett III - Lakeland

Politicians:  4

Kay Fields - Lakeland
      Mayor Eugene Fultz - Lake Wales

Vice Mayor Leo Longworth - Bartow
 McCuthen - Fort Meade
      Mayor Morris West - Haines City 

Law Enforcement:  4

Captain Mark Calhoun - Lakeland (Sheriff Dept.)

Detention Chief Bryant Grant - Winter Haven (Sheriff Dept.)

Private Child Cares Centers:  2

Hazel Perkins Gray - (Ret) Lakeland,

Carrie Laidler - (Ret) Lakeland

Private Vocational School  1

Dr. Harvey Lester - Bartow

Private Sector Directors:  1

Principals:  5

Tanya Matthews-Bell (Ret) - Lakeland  

Edith Henderson (Ret) - Auburndale
        Latha Murphy Speed (Ret) - Lakeland

Carolyn Williams (Ret) - Bartow

PCSD Directors:  3 (Ret)

Ann Tankson (Ret) - Lakeland

Jerome Corbett (Ret) - Bartow

Cheryl Joe (Ret) - Lakeland
       Charlene Richardson-Brinson (Ret) - Lakeland

PC College Directors:  4

Peggy Hogan - Lakeland

Ernie Ivey - Lakeland

Sylvester Little (Ret) - Lakeland

Reginal Webb - Lakeland

Brenda Lewis - Lakeland

Vocational/Technical Schools Directors:  3

Dr. Kenneth James - Winter Haven

Ethel Smith - Lakeland

Social Service Organizations:  3 

Mildred McMillon - Lakeland

Glenda Jones - Winter Haven

Larry Mitchell - Lakeland

Electronic and Print Media:  1

Doris Moore Bailey - Lakeland 
      Frankie Glover - Lakeland 

Civic Organizations:  2

Harlem Turner - Lakeland

Frankie Smith -Bradley

Historians:  2

Doris Moore Bailey - Lakeland
      LaFrancine K. Burton -

Clifton Lewis - Bartow

Artist:  1

Ruby Williams - Bealsville

Funeral Directors:  3

Charles Oldham - Lakeland
      Harry Oldham -

Claude Holmes - Haines City  

Deliria Holmes - Haines City

Sonji Coney-Williams - Lakeland

Entrepernuers:  7

Nedra Butler - Lakeland

Ish Preston - Lakeland

George  & Seratha  Tinsley - Winter Haven

Earl Moore - Lakeland

Sonny (D) and Peachie Lewis (Ret) - Lakeland

Business Consultants:  2

 Mark Thomas - Lakeland

Contractors:  4

Joe Rodman - Lakeland

Frank Kendrick - Lakeland

Tim Jackson (Ret) - Lakeland

Frank Gray (D) - Lakeland

Bank/Credit Union:  3

Katrina Lunsford  - Lakeland

Claretha Conners - Lakeland

Insurance Agents:  2

Sandra G. Bennett - Lakeland

Gow Fields - Lakeland  

Realtors and Brokers:  3

Reginald Ardis - Lakeland (Broker)

Clarence Grier (Ret) - Lakeland

Twinkie Robinson - Lakeland

City and County Government Personnel: 5

Natalie Gallon (Ret) - Lakeland

Stacy Campbell-Domineck - Lakeland

Sharon Mathis - Lakeland
       Albertha Whittley-Tabron (Ret) - Lakeland

Greek Organizations: 2  (Incomplete)

(AKA) - Lakeland

(DST) - 

Alumni Associations President: 3

Doris Hicks (FAMU) - Lakeland

Freddie Austin (D) (Washington Park/Rochelle) Lakeland

Leroy Smith (Edward Waters) Lake Wales

Civil Rights Activists: 5

Wanda Howard  (D) - Lake Wales

Ernestine Davis - Winter Haven

Faye Bellamy - Winter Haven

Ruben Darby - Winter Haven

Investors:  1

Timothy Randolph - Lakeland

Authors:  2

Walter Brown - Lakeland
        Jacqueline Ivey - Lakeland 

U. J. Johnson (D) - Winter Haven
       Yvonne McShay - Lakeland

Photographers:  2

Norris Riggs - Lakeland

Pamela White (D) - Bartow

Most Notable Polk Countians:  

Clarence Childs - FL
       Ray O'Neal (D) - MD

Lawrence Cole - CA

Sports Notables:  4
      Clarence Childs - Lakeland (Football)

Ken Riley - Bartow (D) (Football)

Alan B. Mills - Lakeland  (Baseball)

Herbert "Sporty" Dixon - Bartow  (Golf)

Willie Horton - Lakeland  (Baseball)

  Greek History
Step Shows Slides


known as the Divine Nine
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Delta Sigma Theta
 Sigma Gamma Rho
Zeta Phi Beta

Alpha Phi Alpha
Iota Phi Theta
Kappa Alpha Psi
Omega Psi Phi
Phi Beta Sigma

When the German army conquered Paris in 1940, Omega 
Founder Ernest Just was captured and held as a prisoner of war 
for a short time. 
AKA Founder Norma Elizabeth Boyd was awarded a citation 
as "Woman of the Year in the Field of Legislation" from the 
National Council of Negro Women on June 13, 1948
Three of Iota Phi Theta's 12 Founders have the first name 
Charles. Sigma and Iota both have a founder by the name of 
Charles Brown. 
Two of the Alpha founders worked as waiters at white fraternity 
houses. Callis worked at the Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Kelley at 
the Beta Theta Pi House at Cornell University. This is where 
they learned about the Greek Letter structure and format. 
Callis always admitted that they patterned a great deal of the 
foundation of the ritual after the "white boys." Callis also stated 
that they were very helpful and cooperative in their quest to 
organize the fraternity and even gave them a copy of their
ritual book. 
It was Delta Founder Florence Letcher Toms who first began 
collecting elephants, which has become a hobby of Delta's all 
over the world. 
AKA Founder Sarah Merriweather Nutter sent Founder Nellie 
Quander a piece of ivy from the grave of former President 
Grover Cleveland. This cutting was planted on the right side of 
the Manual Arts Building at Howard University 
The original idea of establishing a Panhellenic Council came in 
1922 when Omega Psi Phi and Phi Beta Sigma were both 
hosting their National Conventions in Atlanta at the same time. 
The two fraternities held a joint meeting and proposed that the 
established fraternities and sororities work together more 
harmoniously. During this meeting both sides agreed to urge 
the other fraternities and sororities to join up.
Because of the 
need for unity and the proposal from these two fraternities, 
nine years later it became a reality. The official creation of the 
NPHC took place in 1930. In 1935 Omega Psi Phi and Phi Beta 
Sigma met again repeating the previous historical situation of 
14 years before. Two of the Omega Founders, Dr. Oscar J 
Cooper & Dr. Edgar A. Love personally visited the Sigma 
Conclave to extend greetings.
                                     Butler University (SGRho's alpha chapter) and the University of Indiana
                                     (Kappa's alpha chapter) are less than fifty miles away      
                                                                       from one another. 
                                        Of the twenty-two women who organized DST sorority,
                                        two dated founders of Omega Psi Phi. Delta Founder Edith Young 
                                        dated Edgar Love and Frank Coleman dated and ultimately 
                                                                    married Edna Brown. 

                                    Did you know that the first African-American woman to
                                win an Academy Award in 1939, was a member of Sigma Gamma 
                                    Rho? Her name was Hattie McDaniels and she played Mammy 
                                                                 in "Gone With The Wind." 
                                   There have been more members of Phi Beta Sigma serving as 
                                    National President of the NPHC than any other NPHC fraternity 
                                                                         or sorority

                                      Until the mid-eighties all fraternity pledges that entered Hell 
                                        Week were considered "dogs". Omega Psi Phi is the only 
                                  fraternity that continues the unofficial "dog image"once a 
                                                                  pledge has crossed. 
                                   There have been three husband and wife couples to both serve 
                                   as National residents of their organizations: Alpha Kappa Alpha 
                                     22nd Supreme Basileus, Janet Jones Ballard,
was married to 
                                    Phi Beta Sigma's 22nd National President, Richard M. Ballard
                                    Dr. William Hale (20th General President of Alpha Phi Alpha) 
    and his wife Dr. Larzette Golden Hale (17th Supreme Basileus 
                                   of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority
). Dr. Ivorite L. Scruggs was the 
                                    2nd National President of Phi Beta Sigma
and his wife Ruth 
                                    Tappe-Scruggs was the 6th Grand Basileus of Zeta Phi Beta 
                                 Harlem Renaissance Writer and Folklorist Zora Neale Hurston 
                                   pledged Howard's Alpha Chapter of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority 
                                                                         around 1925. 
                                  Myra Davis holds the distinction of being the only woman to 
                                  serve as both Basileus of AKA and President of DST in 1912 
                                                                 and 1913 respectively. 
                                    Phi Beta Sigma & Zeta Phi Beta were the first and only 
                             constitutionally bonded Greek Fraternity/Sorority, brother/sister 
                                   organizations. They share several of the same cardinal 
                                         principles within each respective organization. 
                             Sigma & Zeta both share the same colors, creed, symbols from 
                             their shields, and the namesake of the PHI BETA, they are true 
                                            originators of the terms "Frat" & "Soror". 
                           The Founding of Delta Sigma Theta was actually a deadline, in 
                                which the AKA's gave the 22 founders of DST to stop their 
                            rebellion or face expulsion from the sorority. The 22 members 
                               declined to obey the orders and DST was established and 
                             Grace Coleman, sister of Omega founder Frank Coleman, was 
                                elected Delta's first president in 1914 at Howard University
                                   Grace also was one of the first initiates of the sorority. 
                         The Kappa Alpha Psi application for incorporation was filed over 
                                   the signatures of EZRA D. ALEXANDER, BYRON K. 
                              CAINE, ELDER WATSON DIGGS, GEORGE EDMUNDS, GUY L. 
                              GRANT, EDWARD G. IRVIN, JOHN M. LEE, AND FREDERICK 
MITCHELL (who is this guy?).   Mitchell later withdrew from school and therefore never became  a member. An issue of the Kappa Journal reported that Irven  Armstrong (cousin to Kappa founder Bryon Armstrong) , would  have been one of founding fathers if he had not had to work  the night of January 5, 1911, the night the fathers signed  their names to the great petition or scroll. He later became the  second Grand Polemarch. 
                          Although SGRho's were founded at Butler College in 1922 they 
                          were not the first black sorority established at Butler University
                            The AKA's had established a chapter two years before their 
                                                           founding in 1920. 
                           AKA Founder Lucy Diggs Slowe organized the first junior high 
                           school in Washington DC, Shaw Junior High School. She was 


Why were Black Greek Letter Organizations founded?

First and foremost, it is important for you to understand why these organizations exist. During the time in which the first BGLO was established, African Americans across the country were faced with the harsh realities of race-related discrimination. Repercussions from slavery were well saturated in the fabric of the American culture, and due to situations resulting from these discriminatory practices, various organizations established by the African American community began to surface and some of them were Black Greek Letter Organizations. Since 1906?the founding year of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.?nine fraternities and sororities (affectionately known as the Divine Nine) have had the privilege of developing and establishing chapters throughout the United States and the world. These organizations provided a common ground for a common purpose. The establishment of these brotherhoods and sisterhoods brought together men and women who were passionate about the goals and ideals of their organization and made a commitment to work together to make a difference in the world in which they lived.What is the purpose of these organizations?

If you were to research the initiatives of each Black Greek Letter Organization, you would discover programs ranging from voter registration drives and economic empowerment programs to campus clean-up initiatives and beyond. Underneath the surface of most nationally recognized activities implemented by these organizations lies the desire to enhance the local and international community.Community service plays a significant role in the foundation of all BGLOs. For example, the first public service initiative completed by the newly founded Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. was the 1913 Women's Suffrage March in Washington, DC. Members of Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. also showed a unique interest in women's rights during the early stages of their organization's existence. Early interests of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc., founded in 1914, also heavily focused on the enhancement of the world in which we live. Their interests included anti-lynching laws and international issues occurring in the Republic of Haiti. As you can see, the scope of these organizations does not solely lie on each respective college or university campus, and their impact is evident worldwide.

Which historically African American sororities/fraternities are at WSU?

National Pan-Hellenic Council (this is the national headquarters)

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.

Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.

Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.

Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.

Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.



Top 15 FAQ about Black Greek Organizations

1. What do I need in order to pledge?

A: 1st: You must be a full-time student at an accredited four year university or college, matriculating towards a bachelor's degree.

2nd: You will have to have the GPA in order to join a Black Greek fraternity or sorority. Each organization has set guidelines for the GPA within the organization. The typical cumulative GPA across the board is 2.5, or a C+. It also depends on the organization. The Kappa's national GPA is 2.3, the AKA's GPA is 2.5, Sigma has recently raised their GPA from 2.3 to 2.5, and the Delta's increased theirs from a 2.5 to a 3.0. To be on the safe side a 2.5 GPA is recommended. Membership requirements also vary on college campuses. Some colleges mandate a GPA level for Greeks on there campus. Like at Tuskegee University students need to have a 2.8 cumulative GPA in order to pledge.

3rd: Letters of Recommendation! Depending on the organization you'll need anywhere from 1 to 3. These letters of recommendation must be from a member of the fraternity or sorority who is "financial". Financial: is defined as a member whose financial obligations, like dues and fees, are paid. Generally, the financial obligation is on both, the local and national level. Also your letters must come from someone who knows you personally.

4th: Community service hours. Several fraternities and sororities require prospective members to have provided some type of public service within the community in which they live. The Top Public Service Groups include: Habitat for Humanity, Voter Registrar, Peer-Mentor (Big Brother/Big Sister Program), The American Red Cross, or The Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts of America.

*Please note* Just because you meet all 4 requirements doesn't solidify your right to make line. For after the informational, the interview, each financial member of the chapter votes on who makes line and who doesn't.

2. What is the meaning regarding being "real" or "paper"?

A: Paper is a term used to identify a Greek fraternity or sorority member who didn't pledge. This person became a member through either an intake process, or by joining a graduate/alumni chapter. Real is a term used to identify those persons who underwent the pledge process. During the pledge period they learn rituals, secrets, history, and tests of brotherhood & sisterhood through the teachings of the dean of pledging. *Please note: "paper" is also a term of disrespect and warrants trouble when thrusted upon the identity of someone who considers themselves "real".  Additionally, in all states and institutions of higher learning, pledging is illegal in that you and others run the risk of university expulsion/suspension and possible criminal prosecution.

Q: Which is better?

A: That is ultimately up for you to decide. Understand that just because one chooses to be "Paper" doesn't mean they love their organization any less than someone who pledged or is considered "Real". If you feel in your heart that taking wood is an expression of how serious your intent is regarding pledging, then we suggest you reconsider the reason why you are pledging.  The issue is not "paper" or "real" but education and process.   There are both positives and negative benefits to pledging.
*establishes a brotherly/sisterly bond amongst line pledges.
*initiates learn history of the fraternity or sorority from a perspective other than books & a written test.
*pledge lines work together as one entity instead of on an individual basis.
*the obvious destruction of your cumulative grade point average.
*being on call at all hours of the night(24/7).

3. What is an underground line?

A:  Back in the 80's before pledging was banned, when you were on line, everyone knew who was pledging. Now it's more or less a secret. An underground line can exist for example, when a chapter is suspended, but they pick up a line off the record.   An underground line usually warrants trouble and confusion.  The process is null & void in the eyes of nationals and you run the risk that your paperwork will not be processed.  The National Office considers that you don't exist if you were on an underground pledge line.

4. What is meant by the term, "black balled"?

A: "Black balled" & "balled" are terms used to describe situations when a person doesn't make line for certain reasons or is not voted in by a majority vote by current members.
a. Caught throwing up the hand signal or doing the call in public, before it was time to!
b. Purchasing paraphernalia, before you make line. (Which is usually a sign of bad luck)
c. Expecting to make line because you meet all the requirements or you're a legacy.
d. You were on an underground line and the line was revealed.
e. You went to another organizations informational and submitted.

5. What can I do about pledging if the chapter at my school is suspended?

A: 1st option: To our knowledge there's nothing you can do about pledging, if the chapter at your school is under suspension. The only thing remotely possible is to transfer to another university or college. But if you take this option then we believe that your real focus for being in college might need to be re-evaluated seriously. Then if you transfer there's no definite guarantee that you'll be selected on an upcoming line. Transfer students typically have to be a student at the university for two quarters or one semester after transferring, before one can pledge. Be warned that if you do manage to accomplish this mission and you decide to transfer back to your previous school, in the eyes of that chapter and others, you might not be well received.

2nd option: Cross pledging at another university. But I've only heard of this happening when the college or university you attend doesn't have a chartered chapter of it's own. Not if the chapter is suspended.

3rd option: Sometimes it's best to go "GRAD". We understand there's some of you out there that don't want to wait that long.

4th option: The last option is to wait out the suspension and bust your ass during the time the chapter is gone making sure that your total package (community service hours, GPA, recommendations, etc...) is air tight. Also through a considerable amount of prayer, pray that you make that first line once a chapter has been reactivated. Typically national headquarters or a graduate chapter oversees the line, and it's usually large to increase membership, and typically easier than other lines for they wouldn't want to jeopardize further complications within the organization.

6. In relationship to Phi Beta Sigma & Zeta Phi Beta, what is meant by "true family"?

A: "True Family" is a term used by members of Phi Beta Sigma & Zeta Phi Beta, for they were the first constitutionally bonded Greek fraternity/sorority, brother/sister organization, sharing the several of the same cardinal principles within each respective organization. Sigma & Zeta both share the same colors, creed, symbols from their shields, and the name sake of the PHI BETA. They are true originators of the terms "frat" & "soror".

7. So the Alpha's & AKA's, Delta's & Omega's, & Kappa's & SG Rho's aren't brother/sister organizations?

A: Formally the Greek organizations above aren't brother/sister or frat/soror. But each hold a mutual alliance to each other. "Phi-Skee"& "Skee-Phi" are terms used by the Alpha's and AKA's to represent their bond of being the first Black Greek Fraternity & Sorority respectively, but they aren't necessarily frat or soror, but in many cases they do respect each organization as frat or soror. But The Alpha's and AKA's are known as the first family of Black Greeks. On some campuses the AKA's & Kappa's call each other frat or soror. United under the cause that "pretty boys like pretty girls, cause pretty girls like pretty boys." There's also the terms "Phi-Oop" & "Oop-Phi" is which the Alpha's & Delta's use to acknowledge each other. The Delta's & Omega's share a bond that can be traced back to the early years of their organizations. Although they aren't constitutionally bonded like Zeta & Sigma, they do indeed consider each other frat & soror. One of Delta's founders Edna Coleman was the wife of Omega founder Frank Coleman. Several Delta's dated Omega men early on within the early establishment of each. Kappa Alpha Psi & Sigma Gamma Rho hold the distinction of both being founded at universities in the state of Indiana. Which are about 50 miles away from each other.

8. What's the distinction between an "Omega Man" and a "Que Dog"?

A: An "Omega Man" is the name sake term bestowed upon members of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. once it's members cross the burning sands. A "Que-Dog" is a mythical term used to identify pledges while on line during the final stage of the pledge process. It's important to understand that "Que Dogs", canine calls, and camouflage paraphernalia doesn't directly reflect the entire outlook of the organization as set in the guideline by the Grand Chapter. *Please note* Never address or call a member of Omega a "Que-Dog" for it is rather disrespectful. In essence "MEMBERSHIP HAS ITS PRIVILEGES!"

9. Why the DOG image?

A: Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc does not have, nor has it ever endorsed a mascot of any type to be representative of the organization. So why do so many Omega Men like the "dog" image? ".We are not DOGS even though those who misunderstand us would view us otherwise because we possess a dog-matic determination to make changes and the tenacity to see them through, the loyalty of man's best friend and the guardianship to protect the ones we truly love." This analogy was written by the chapter members of Fayetteville State.

10. Was Alpha Phi Alpha the first Black Greek Organization?

A: Although credit is given to Alpha Phi Alpha as being the first and oldest Black Greek Lettered Organization. It must be known that Alpha Phi Alpha is the first to organize successfully and expand into new chapters. But before Alpha, there was Sigma Pi Phi, which was founded under the direction of Henry M. Minton in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This organization was founded for Negro's within the professional ranks of society. So in light Alpha Phi Alpha is the first to successfully grow, and is the oldest to date. But Sigma Pi Phi was the first and is still active today.

11. Why do Black Greek organizations put each other down and not strive for unity?

A: Unity amongst Black Greek letter organizations was first implemented in 1930 at Howard University. In this year The National Pan Hellenic Council was formed as a governing body to aid organizations in a bond of common causes. Although some Greek persons do take Greek life too seriously. It is important to note that these persons have missed the entire purpose of their founders and the organizations goals for the "upliftment of the black race". Each organization does employ chants, steps that out right in a Non-Greek persons eyes would be disrespectful. But it's merely a competition or a rivalry to keep each other on their toes. But each fraternity and sorority has a mutual understanding and respect for the others, it's just most of the time Non-Greeks don't see that.

12. Why are organizations labeled with misconceptions?

A: Well we are sure we've heard all the misconceptions of each particular organization.  It is important to realize no matter which particular organization you choose to go into, you will have an image to uphold. Organizations have long been misconceived for various reasons. It's up to the members of these Greek organizations to convince the public that the misconception are of false attributes. But if a Non Greek person views one person doing something, then they attribute that image or act to the entire organization. You shouldn't judge or dictate an entire frat or sorority on the basis of one member. Look beyond the misconceptions and see what they're truly about. Are they about business and community service. Or are they about looking cute, acting an ass in public, and wearing para. If so, then that should be an organization you shouldn't want to join. You learn your ways from traditions that have been handed down during the pledge process.

13. Why do Black Fraternities & Sororities employ Greek letters, instead of an African based alphabet?

A: The origin of Greek letters can be traced back to the first fraternity Phi Beta Kappa. It is important to understand that the Greek writing system and philosophies has connections to Africa, particularly Egypt. The Greeks went to Africa and studied the writings, philosophies, and lifestyles of the Egyptians. Although each organization does employ Greek letters in the creation of its name, the objective of the fraternity was founded with a degree of secrecy in the use of Greek letters. So in keeping with tradition these are the reasons Black Fraternities and Sororities use Greek letter. However, each particular organization employs some type of reference to Africa within the organization. Alphas incorporate the Sphinx, Kappa's incorporate the Scrolls, Sigma's incorporate the Crescent and so forth with the remainder organizations. To become Greek you should know the history that not only did the Greeks study in Egypt, but Jesus & Moses did as well. Also understand the concept of Phonetics and it's creators the Phoenicians. To be a Black Greek, you are expected to exemplify higher standards of living.

14. Are fraternities & sororities high classed gangs?

A: There are many arguments as to whether or not fraternities & sororities are gangs. This basically goes in reference to the said similarities of the Black Greek pledge process and the gang initiation process. This statement is totally false. Fraternities and sororities are NOT gangs in any way, shape, or form.

Burden of Proof:  (1) Fraternities & sororities provide a service to the public vs. gangs are a threat to the public. (2) There are apparent leadership roles within fraternity & sorority members. vs. gangs have no vision or leadership roles in the community. (3) In order to join a Black Greek fraternity or sorority must be pursuing a college degree. vs. typical gang member not pursuing a college degree.  *please note* that some gang symbols and hand signs coincide with some Black Greek fraternity or sorority symbols or hand signs.



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  Jeannine Powell - 17

   Gregory Nixon - 17

   Malik Daniels - 19

Romario Davis - 22

  Lena S. Pickett - 22

  Aisha Philips - 23

  Dr. Twyla Hoodah - 24

    Ann Adderley - 27  

 Reginald Davenport - 5

   Claudy Strong - 6

    Mary Bunch -  8

   Judy Mathis - 8 

Michael Ardis - 15

  Frank Black - 16

Yvonne Roberts - 18

  Betty Porter - 21

Juanita Brown - 26

Justin Crouch - 29 

Stevelena Davenport - 30

    Regi Patterson, Jr. - 5

 Mildred T. Blake - 6

 Julius Crouch, Sr. - 13

   Divine  Forte - 14

   Sonya Lux - 14

   Tonya Lux - 14 

 Kyria Dubose - 24 

Constance Joyce Jordan-7 

Doris M. Bailey - 8

Kenneth Strong, Jr. - 11

     Sonji Coney - 15

Shamir Hobbs  - 21 

Rev. Howard Mathis - 15

    Lisa Spears - 14


Julie Von McShay - 1

   Artis Dukes, Jr. - 2

   Mary L. Mathis - 8

  Archie L. Smith, Sr. - 8 

    Lanette Alic - 10

   Bernice Smith - 15

   Mary F. Bailey - 19 (D)

   Bruce D. Moore - 27

   Gwen Cooper  -1

   Donovan Saxon - 2

      Annie Mott - 2

    Diane Dukes - 2

    Dale O'Neal - 10

Charlotte M. Diggs - 13

    Johnnie Moore - 20

   Diamond Willix - 22 

Stephanie Franklin - 25 

   Juan Patterson - 29

      Bertie Newbern - 30

  Bland Lewis 
    Vancilla G. Williams - 3

        Bryson Bailey - 4

  Daphne Matthews - 6

   "Bam"  Cooper - 6

   George Davis - 12

  Sandy Moore - 14

Jacquie Purdie Lewis - 16
      Bill Moore - 16

      Roz Black - 16

Dr. Roy C. Elrod - 16

   Joyce Hogan - 18

   Alfredia Lightsey - 18

       Karyn Beach - 21

          Asonja Cross - 24

  Johnny "LJ" Moore - 24

 Kimberley R. Crouch - 1 

Mary E. G. Moore Richards -2 (D)

 Sheryll Brooks Mitchell - 2 

         "Trina" Green - 11

         Aarica Ardis -16

        Denai Ardis - 16

    Gregory Powell - 17

     Dolores Corbett - 19

       Gloria Nixon - 25  

S. Naeem Nixon, Jr. - 1
      Brooks Mitchell - 5

    Artis Dukes, Sr. - 12

    Ahmad Daniels - 15

    A. Lois Rhoden - 19 

       Troy Lux - 22

Virginia Cummings Lang- 23  

        Bridget Bailey - 24

Demetrius McDougal - 30

 Deloris P. Patterson - 4

     Shalay Rhoden - 9

   Bernard Cooper - 12

     William Reed - 13

Mildred Robinson - 17
   Brenda Terry - 17

  Kwesi Patterson - 22

Albertha Whittley-Tabron - 24

   Alex Dukes - 25 (D)

Gwendolyn Young - 26

 B. Milton Bailey II - 27 

Dr. Carl H. Newbern - 27     



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Profile: Genealogist, Researcher, the only African American National Underground Railroad Freedom Center (NURFC) Consultant and Instructor, and veteran law enforcement officer Bennie L. Phifer III, West Chester, Ohio.

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